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Important Gk for SSC CGL, SSC CHSL and RRB NTPC and RRB Group D and all other competitive exams| Important Lakes in India| Static Gk Questions in Hindi|

 Lake is a surface water body which is surrounded by land. Rivers will be outlet or inlet to the lakes i.e. lakes take the water from rivers or act as a source of water. Lakes are found in various landscapes like Hilly areas, plains, plateaus, rift zones, etc. In this article, we will read the state wise list of Natural Lakes in India.

Important Natural Lakes in India (State Wise): Static Gk Questionsuestions in Hindi

Important lakes in India

A) There are various types of lakes which can be classified based on different criteria –

They are Fresh Water Lakes, Salt Water lakes, Natural Lakes, Artificial Lakes, oxbow lake, Crater Lake etc.


• Crater Lake- Formed due volcanic activity

• Oxbow Lake- Formed by river deposits

B) Lakes have various applications like drinking water, irrigation, navigation, water storage, livelihood (fishing, etc.), impact on microclimate, etc.

Important Facts :

• Largest freshwater lake in India – Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir

• Largest Saline water lake in India - Sambhar, Rajasthan

• Largest Brackish water lake in India – Chilka Lake, Orissa

• Highest lake in India (Altitude) – Cholamu lake, Sikkim

• Longest Lake in India – Vembanad lake, Kerala

• Largest Artificial Lake in India – Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

Andhra Pradesh:-

1. Pulicat Lake Andhra Pradesh Sullurpet Brackish Water. It encompasses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary; Satish Dhawan Space Centre located here

2 Kolleru Lake Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada Freshwater Home to migratory birds 

3. Nagarjuna Sagar Andhra Pradesh Nalgonda Freshwater Artificially constructed; Krishna river 


Haflong Lake Assam Silchar Freshwater High altitude lake

5 DeeporBeel Assam Kamrup Freshwater Under Ramsar Convention Son Beel Assam Karimganj Freshwater (Tectonically formed) Largest wetland in Assam

7 Chandubi lake Assam Kamrup Freshwater Migratory Birds (winter); formed by 1897 earthquake

8 Kanwar Lake Bihar Begusarai Oxbow (freshwater) Asia’s largest freshwater oxbo Kanwar Lake Bihar Begusarai Oxbow (freshwater) Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow lake;

9 Hamirsar lake Gujarat Kutch Artificial Situated in centre of Bhuj

10 Kankaria lake Gujarat Ahmedabad Artificial During 14th century by Muhammed Shah II

11 Narayan Sarovar Gujarat Kutch Artificial freshwater Pilgrimage site for Hindus

12 Thol Lake Gujarat Mehsana Lentic lake Constructed for irrigation purpose

13 Vastrapur Gujarat Ahmedabad Freshwater Narmada River;Picnic spot

14 Badkal Lake Haryana Faridabad Freshwater Man made

15 Blue Bird Lake Haryana Hisar Freshwater Migratory Birds, Wetland Habitat

16 Brahma Sarovar Haryana Thaneswar Freshwater Ancient water pool sacred to Hinduism

17 Damdama Lake Haryana Sohna Freshwater Constructed by British government for Rainwater Harvesting

18 Karna Haryana Karnal Freshwater Connected to great epic Mahabharata

19 Tilyar Haryana Rohtak Freshwater (canal inflow) Located inside Tilyar Zoo

20 Chandra Taal Himachal Pradesh Lahul and Spiti Sweet water lake Ramsar wetland site Suraj Taal Himachal Pradesh Lahul and Spiti Freshwater (High Altitude) Bhaga River inflow

22 Maharana Pratap Sagar Himachal Pradesh Kangra Freshwater Ramsar site

23 Prashar lake Himachal Pradesh Mandi Holomitic (Freshwater). It has a floating Island

24 Dal lake J &K Srinagar Warm monomitic Remnants of past glacial period

25 Pangong Tso J &K Ladakh Endorheic Lake (saline water) Indo-China Border

26 Wular lake J &K Bandipora Tectonic lake (fresh water) Largest freshwater lake in India

27 TsoMoriri J &K Ladakh Saltwater High altitude lake

28 Agata lake Karnataka Bangalore Freshwater Located in southwest part of the city

29 Bellandur Lake Karnataka Bangalore Freshwater -

30 Karachi lake Karnataka Mysore - Butterfly park

31 Ulsoor lake Karnataka Bangalore Stale water It has several islands

32 Kukarahalli lake Karnataka Mysore Freshwater Recreational

33 Honnamana Karnataka Kodagu Freshwater Holy lake, place for various festivals

34 Pampa Sarovar Karnataka Hampi Freshwater Tungabhadra river

35 Ashtamudi Kayal Kerala Kollam Brackish water Ramsar wetland site

36 Kuttanad Kerala Alappuzha, Kottayam Backwater paddy cultivation

37 Vembanad Kerala -Brackish water Ramsar wetland; boat race

38 Shashtamkotta Kerala Kollam Freshwater Ramsar wetland

39 Bhojtal Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Freshwater Ramsar site;largest artificial lake in India 

40 Salim Ali Maharashtra Aurangabad Freshwater Birdwatching

41 Shivsagar Maharashtra Satara Freshwater Koyna dam

42 Lonar lake Maharashtra Buldhana Crater lake National Geo-Heritage monument

43 Loktak lake Manipur -Lenticular freshwater Ramsar wetland; Phumdis (Floating Islands); Multipurpose project

44 Umiam Meghalaya Shillong Freshwater Famous for cycling and boating

45 Tam Dil Mizoram Saitual Freshwater -

46 Chilika lake Orissa Puri Brackish water

India's largest brackish water lake; lagoon

47 Kanjia lake Orissa Bhubaneswar Freshwater Wetland of national importance

48 Harike Punjab Ferozepur Freshwater Ramsar wetland site

49 Rupar Punjab Rupnagar Freshwater Manmade riverine lake

50 Kanjli Punjab Kapurthala Freshwater Ramsar wetland site

51 Sambhar lake Rajasthan Sambhar Lake-town Saltwater Ramsar wetland; largest inland saltwater lake in India

52 Rajsamand Rajasthan Rajsamand Freshwater -

53 Tsomgo lake Sikkim East Sikkim Freshwater Winter frozen

54 Khecheoplari Sikkim West Sikkim Freshwater Sacred lake for Hindus and Buddhists

55 Ooty lake Tamilnadu Nilgiris Freshwater Boat House

56 Chembarambakkam Tamilnadu Chennai Artificial lake -

57 Hussain Sagar Telangana Hyderabad Artificial lake Artificial Gibraltar rock island

58 Badrakali lake Telegana Warangal Freshwater Artificial lake Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar UttarPradesh Sonbhadra Man-made lake Rihand dam

60 Belasagar Uttar Pradesh Kulpahar Freshwater Irrigation lake

61 Bhimtal Uttarakhand Nainital Freshwater Medium altitude lake

62 East Calcutta wetlands West Bengal Calcutta Brackish water Ramsar wetland 

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